The Demise of the White Australia Policy



Appendix Two:

Australia: Trade With Asia and Europe




TABLE FOUR

IMPORTS BY COUNTRY OF ORIGIN
AUSTRALIA 1905-1995
(85)

(1905-1945: values given in millions of pounds)
(1950-1990: values given in millions of dollars)


Year United Other New Other All (a) Kingdom Europe U.S.A. Canada Zealand Japan Asia Other Total m % m % m % m % m % m % m % m % m % 1905 18.4 54.9 5.7 17.0 4.6 13.7 0.3 0.9 0.8 2.4 0.3 0.9 2.8 8.3 0.6 1.8 33.5 100 1910 27.7 51.6 10.6 19.7 7.0 13.0 0.7 1.3 1.1 2.0 0.7 1.3 4.5 8.4 1.4 2.6 53.7 100 1915 29.5 50.7 7.3 12.5 9.9 17.0 1.1 1.9 1.4 2.4 1.3 2.2 5.4 9.3 2.3 3.9 58.2 100 1920 35.0 38.9 5.8 6.4 21.7 24.1 2.5 2.8 1.7 1.9 3.8 4.2 15.1 16.8 4.3 4.8 89.9 100 1925 62.8 47.1 14.6 10.9 30.1 22.6 3.1 2.3 1.9 1.4 3.8 2.8 14.1 10.6 2.9 2.2 133.3 100 1930 49.3 41.5 14.0 11.8 27.6 23.2 3.2 2.7 1.4 1.2 3.8 3.2 14.2 11.9 5.4 4.5 118.9 100 1935 35.1 42.5 8.5 10.3 12.6 15.2 4.7 5.7 1.5 1.8 5.3 6.4 10.5 12.7 4.4 5.3 82.6 100 1940 50.1 38.0 9.1 6.9 22.9 17.4 10.4 7.9 1.2 0.9 6.6 5.0 24.5 18.6 7.1 5.4 131.9 100 1945 70.3 33.1 0.4 0.2 81.3 38.3 10.2 4.8 2.0 0.9 0 0 32.5 15.3 15.4 7.3 212.1 100 $m % $m % $m % $m % $m % $m % $m % $m % $m % 1950 557 51.9 111 10.3 104 9.7 27 2.5 10 0.9 14 1.3 182 17.0 67 6.2 1072 100 1955 757 45.0 257 15.3 204 12.1 48 2.8 15 0.9 37 2.2 285 16.9 79 4.7 1682 100 1960 660 35.7 308 16.7 299 16.2 59 3.2 31 1.7 83 4.5 306 16.5 102 5.5 1848 100 1965 761 26.2 508 17.5 692 23.9 117 4.0 47 1.6 259 8.9 396 13.7 118 4.1 2898 100 1970 845 21.8 712 18.4 965 24.9 151 3.9 86 2.2 481 12.4 455 11.7 180 4.6 3875 100 1975 1213 15.0 1708 21.2 1668 20.7 217 2.7 184 2.3 1418 17.6 1361 16.9 301 3.7 8070 100 1980 1648 10.2 3017 18.6 3577 22.0 446 2.7 547 3.4 2527 15.5 3834 23.6 623 3.8 16219 100 1985 2012 6.7 5820 19.4 6816 22.7 620 2.1 1115 3.7 6645 22.1 5974 19.9 1020 3.4 30022 100 1990 3356 6.5 10409 20.3 12373 24.1 1228 2.4 2173 4.2 9872 19.2 10288 20.0 1634 3.2 51333 100 1995 4439 5.9 15159 20.3 16048 21.5 1277 1.7 3554 4.8 12779 17.1 18380 24.6 3002 4.0 74638 100
Notes:
(a) 1905-1910: year ending 31st December. 1915-1945: year ending 30th June. 1950-1985: year ending 31st December. 1990-1995: year ending 30th June.





TABLE FIVE

EXPORTS BY COUNTRY OF DESTINATION
AUSTRALIA 1905-1995
(86)

(1905-1945: values given in millions of pounds)
(1950-1990: values given in millions of dollars)


Year United Other New Other All (a) Kingdom Europe (b) U.S.A. Canada Zealand Japan Asia Other Total m % m % m % m % m % m % m % m % m % 1905 22.4 49.3 13.4 29.5 1.1 2.4 - - 1.3 2.9 0.6 1.3 3.0 6.6 3.6 7.9 45.4 100 1910 35.5 50.8 22.6 32.3 1.6 2.3 0.1 0.1 1.7 2.4 0.7 1.0 2.9 4.1 4.8 6.9 69.9 100 1915 38.2 66.0 3.3 5.7 4.7 8.1 0.3 0.5 2.2 3.8 2.0 3.4 3.1 5.3 4.1 7.1 57.9 100 1920 80.8 56.0 14.8 10.2 11.1 7.7 0.3 0.2 7.7 5.3 7.2 5.0 10.9 7.5 11.5 8.0 144.3 100 1925 69.1 42.9 46.3 28.7 9.2 5.7 0.7 0.4 5.8 3.6 11.6 7.2 7.2 4.5 11.2 6.9 161.1 100 1930 43.4 44.2 25.1 25.6 4.2 4.3 0.7 0.7 3.6 3.7 6.6 6.7 8.4 8.5 6.2 6.3 98.2 100 1935 53.7 51.8 14.4 13.9 2.8 2.7 1.5 1.4 3.6 3.5 12.1 11.7 7.6 7.3 8.0 7.7 103.7 100 1940 96.0 64.2 13.5 9.0 4.9 3.3 3.4 2.3 6.5 4.3 5.5 3.7 10.2 6.8 9.6 6.4 149.6 100 1945 52.1 33.5 2.5 1.6 30.8 19.8 3.8 2.4 7.1 4.6 0 0 23.6 15.2 35.4 22.8 155.3 100 $m % $m % $m % $m % $m % $m % $m % $m % $m % 1950 475 38.7 326 26.6 100 8.1 18 1.5 43 3.5 48 3.9 144 11.7 73 5.9 1227 100 1955 571 37.5 396 26.0 105 6.9 21 1.4 76 5.0 117 7.7 153 10.1 82 5.4 1521 100 1960 476 25.7 460 24.8 152 8.2 28 1.5 109 5.9 269 14.5 231 12.5 129 7.0 1854 100 1965 516 19.6 552 21.0 264 10.0 40 1.5 158 6.0 441 16.7 455 17.3 207 7.9 2633 100 1970 488 11.9 637 15.5 556 13.5 113 2.7 199 4.8 1021 24.9 683 16.6 410 10.0 4107 100 1975 450 5.2 1380 15.9 832 9.6 289 3.3 526 6.0 2455 28.3 1864 21.4 893 10.3 8689 100 1980 949 5.0 3234 17.1 2044 10.8 339 1.8 864 4.6 5083 26.9 4822 25.5 1536 8.1 18871 100 1985 1006 3.3 4506 14.7 3598 11.7 303 1.0 1591 5.2 8043 26.2 8842 28.8 2854 9.3 30743 100 1990 1736 3.5 7176 14.6 5426 11.6 760 1.5 2616 5.3 12781 26.0 15235 31.0 3348 6.8 49078 100 1995 2267 3.4 5957 8.9 4633 6.9 1132 1.7 4768 7.1 16286 24.3 27347 40.8 4646 6.9 67036 100
Notes:
(a) 1905-1910: year ending 31st December. 1915-1995: year ending 30th June.
(b) "Other Europe" 1905-1945 includes only the major European export countries of Belgium, France, Germany, Italy, and the Netherlands.



The Demise of the White Australia Policy